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In the fourth part of our special series looking back at the history of hygiene, ECJ focuses on hand hygiene. When did we as human beings realise the value of washing our hands, and how did we become aware that clean hands play such a vital role in stopping and preventing the spread of infection?
The awareness of hand hygiene goes much further
In the latest of our special country focus reports, ECJ takes a look at the cleaning sector of Finland, with the help of Hanna Luukkonen, labour market director of the Property Maintenance Association.
Cleaning contractors in Finland are estimated to have achieved a total turnover of 1.7 mrd euros in 2010, according to latest estimates. Market
Have you ever wondered where the ideas for new products come from? Or how they are designed, engineered, prototyped and launched as finished articles? ECJ editor Michelle Marshall visited Dyson, the company that launched the groundbreaking Airblade hand dryer, to talk exclusively to its design manager about how the product came about.
When it was
Four million people are currently employed in the European cleaning industry - but they work in tough environments and the rate of sick-leave and work-related injuries is high. Manufacturer of Tork washroom systems SCA reveals the outcome of an observational study into cleaners’ working lives in Germany, France, the Netherlands and
The banks – who needs them? That’s a question some high-profile economists are seriously beginning to ask as alternative sources of finance come online to bridge the funding gap. Hartley Milner reports on one of these enterprising new kids on the block, the peer-to-peer business lender.
Frustratingly for us all, the bankers have drawn
The battery industry is changing all the time and manufacturers are increasingly striving to come up with smaller, lighter products that can be recharged more quickly and that work more efficiently. Ann Laffeaty asks battery manufacturers about their latest products – and finds out what they feel the future holds for the industry.